What Are the Types of Electric Vehicles?

Types Of Electric Vehicles


As the electric vehicle (EV) marketplace expands, more Cerritos, Irvine, and West Covina drivers are making the switch to electric cars. Still, most people are new to electrification. Could you use some brushing up on the types of electric vehicles available on the market?

There are three major types of electric vehicles: hybrid electric, plug-in hybrid electric, and battery electric. Each type operates differently. At Norm Reeves Superstore, we’re here to show Huntington Beach, San Diego, and Vista, California, drivers how these EVs compare.


What Is a Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)?

Filling Gas in HybridHybrid electric vehicles, more commonly known as “hybrids,” require an internal combustion engine and an electric propulsion system to run. In these cars, the engine does most of the work, while the electric motor mainly assists by improving fuel economy.

Unlike the other two types of electric cars, hybrid electric vehicles cannot be plugged into the grid to charge. Instead, they use the energy from the combustion engine and the regenerative braking process to charge the battery.

Typically, you’ll find that HEVs cannot move on battery power alone, although there are a few models on the market that defy this expectation.

What Is a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)?

A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle is a bit different from a regular hybrid electric vehicle. It’s still a hybrid powertrain, with a combustion engine and at least one electric motor sharing the work of moving the car.

With a larger battery than a HEV, a PHEV can be plugged in to charge the battery. A PHEV will also usually have larger electric motors because those motors do more work.

Since plug-in hybrid electric cars have larger batteries, they can move you along the road for a period of time without help from the combustion engine. This might just help you save on gas when you hit the streets for a quick commute or drive to the grocery store around the corner.

What Is a Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)?

Plug-In vehicleA battery electric vehicle, or BEV, is often simply known as an electric vehicle or EV. Unlike the earlier types, these are powered entirely by electric motors (no combustion engine) with a full-electric drivetrain—a far simpler system from a mechanical point of view.

In fact, because there are so few moving parts in the powertrain of an electric vehicle, you can plan on less maintenance than you would need with a hybrid, plug-in hybrid, or gasoline vehicle. No oil changes or tune-ups will be needed—ever.

With a battery electric vehicle, you rely on the battery for all your power, so it’s important to have a reliable charging method. Level 1 chargers should be able to charge your battery to full health overnight, but level 2 and level 3 chargers can do the job even more rapidly.


Explore Electric Vehicles With Us

While there are a few other types of vehicles that could be classified as electric, these are the three main ones you’ll come across as you shop for cars near Cerritos, Irvine, and West Covina.

Do you see an EV in your future? Then, we want to see you at Norm Reeves Superstore. We invite Huntington Beach, San Diego, and Vista, CA, shoppers to swing by our dealership and explore the benefits of electric cars!


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